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How to avoid getting sick in India – Experienced traveller advice

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Travelling to India cannot be done without considering the possible health side effects.  Everyone has heard of Delhi Belly, sometimes even using it as a catch-all phrase when referring to falling ill in other countries, like Indonesia.

Many travellers can attest to suffering from some level of food poisoning in India at some stage in their travels.  Those who have travelled in India and escaped unscathed should consider themselves to be incredibly fortunate.  Delhi Belly in India not only comes with a range of horrid symptoms but usually, they take hold at the most inconvenient of times, in the most inconvenient locations.

street cooking

This isn’t meant to scare anyone from going. Rather, it’s a means of providing sound and informed information based on personal travels across India. To be forewarned, as they say, is to be forearmed. We’ll provide you with our best travelling in India tips as they relate to eating in India, from the safest foods to eat in India to what foods to eat when sick, and our important tips for what not to eat in India to give yourself the best possible chance at staying well.

Disclaimer – I am not a health professional, nor do I claim to have any medical or health qualifications. This article is written from the perspective of full-time and seasoned travellers, and what they find helps their travels in India. Ultimately, you can eat whatever you choose to, and whatever you feel comfortable with.

Keep reading right to the bottom for the list of must-haves for your Indian travel essentials.

Being sick in India isn’t pleasant

Imagine being extremely ill on a train packed full of people and not in the cleanest of locations, where the next stop is hours away, and toilets are not easy to get to, nor are they clean.  Or how about on a 14-hour flight home or in a location that is so unhygienic that the conditions add to your sickness?  Having to try and find a public toilet in India is difficult, and most times, even when you find one, you won’t want to use it. That’s just a fact.

When you are sick in India, however, you will most likely have no choice.  The other option is to stay at your hotel (if that’s possible) or change your travel plans until you feel better.

Preparing for travel to India

This article isn’t about scaring people off India, nor is it to say that India is worse than many other countries in the world where getting sick from food or water is also highly possible.  It’s also not intended just for people who don’t travel in a luxurious style.  Getting sick in India can happen just as easily to those who are on luxury tours or staying in five-star hotels and eating in five-star locations.

Our aim with this guide is to ensure that potential travellers have accurate information about the possibility of getting sick in India and where possible, if possible, how to avoid it.  There’s no point covering up that these situations do happen. Being sick while travelling can ruin your entire holiday or at least make it really uncomfortable.

We know!  We were both sick on several occasions during our trip to India, despite doing everything we could to ensure this didn’t happen.

Unless you are feeling adventurous, don’t run the gauntlet.  Take these simple precautions to ensure illness doesn’t get the better of you in India, and you can enjoy travelling in this interesting country.

If you want to eat street food in India, we recommend doing a tour with a reputable street food tour. Here’s a video of the tour we did. It was fabulous, and we wouldn’t have done it any other way. You can book this tour here.

Quick tips to avoid getting sick

  • Don’t eat raw meats or any raw food
  • Don’t eat uncooked cheese or unpasteurised dairy products
  • Lassis (yoghurt drinks) might look delicious but the milk could be unpasteurised or refrigerated
  • Don’t eat fruit and vegetables that have been peeled and/or not cooked
  • Always wash your hands and then sanitise them too
  • Wipe over your cutlery if you are able before using them.  Better still, take your own travel cutlery.
  • Don’t eat off wet plates
  • Don’t drink directly out of bottles or cans.  We use stainless steel straws.
  • Don’t eat ice
  • Watch how the food or drink is being made.  Some of the food and drink components might be actually sitting on ice.  Whilst the ice might not go in your drink, they could still be contaminated from the ice.
  • Don’t drink the water.  Only drink filtered or bottled water or take a Lifestraw bottle.  Don’t brush your teeth in it.
  • Eat at popular food locations
  • Don’t eat food that is at room temperature (eg buffet style)
  • Street food, whilst delicious, can also be a major contributor to getting sick in India.  If you really want to try street food, do what we did and go with a reputable tour company.
  • Wash your hands after touching money
  • Remember that you are always touching something (stair rails, vending machines, door handles etc) so keep your hands away from your mouth unless you have washed/sanitised them.
kerri sick at amer fort
My Delhi Belly got the better of me on a visit to the Amer Fort in Jaipur. I had to take time out while Stirling looked around.

Why is getting sick in India so common?

India is a huge country.  Geographically, it is the seventh-largest country by area.  With a fast-growing population of around 1.408 billion people, it comes in second only to China for the most populous country in the world.

Despite rapid improvements in GDP and the country’s overall economy, there remains a significant and visible divide among the people, still operating largely under the caste system.  Extreme poverty exists, along with low literacy and education levels and various other social issues.  Hygiene is one of them.

A lack of appropriate infrastructure and education means the correct disposal of rubbish is a problem.  A lack of adequate sanitation means people live, eat, and work in unhygienic situations.  Fresh, running water is absent in many parts of the country.

Even personal hygiene practices, particularly those that involve going to the toilet, contribute to this issue. Combine this with food preparation, and it’s a recipe for a traveller to get sick.

Water is one of the main issues related to food and eating in India, along with unhygienic practices used by those who grow, store and produce food for third parties to buy and eat.  As you travel around India, it will be common to see dishes being washed on the footpaths using unclean water.  Food can be stored without refrigeration and handled in unhygienic ways.

Our travelling tummies will also encounter different bacteria present in India, which can cause an imbalance in our bodies.

Meat isn’t commonly found in India, as the country has a strong vegetarian population. As such, it is more likely that the meat may not have been handled or refrigerated correctly.

Where there are global health issues emerging, like Coronavirus, it is even more necessary to practice good hygiene, as in communities and countries like India, viruses can spread quickly.

Symptoms of food poisoning

E. coli is the main culprit of food poisoning, and salmonella is high on the list too. Although they can vary, these are the main symptoms associated with getting sick in India.  We’ve certainly experienced a lot of them!

Note: It is highly unlikely that you will get sick from eating spicy foods in India.  The food in India isn’t chilli-hot, contrary to a common belief.  They use a lot of spices, but they aren’t hot.  Food poisoning in India or anywhere is caused by bacteria and other pathogens, not spicy food.

  • Bloating is usually an early sign that something is wrong with your stomach.
  • Excessive wind and cramps- related to bloating, the bacteria cause a build-up of gas in your stomach and intestines and needs to come out.
  • Fever – some people experience fever and chills, similar to if they are getting the flu.
  • Diarrhoea – varying degrees depending on the severity, but at its worst, you’ll need to have constant and close access to the cleanest toilet you can find.
  • Vomiting – a symptom of a really nasty dose of food poisoning, and again, depending on severity, could last all day/night.
  • A general feeling of lethargy, especially if you have diarrhoea and vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite will result, which isn’t bad as adding a lot of food into a tummy trying to overcome a bug adds fuel to the fire.

Traveller tips to avoid getting sick

Like any aspect of travel, everyone has a different opinion and a different level of risk that they are prepared to take.  While some travellers will throw caution to the wind in any situation, there are others who are totally risk-averse and will take whatever precaution is necessary to mitigate the prevailing risks.

Many will sit in the zone somewhere in between and wax and wane, where they put their focus on health-related matters.  Everything comes down to personal preferences and values.

And to prove it’s not just me who thinks you need to be careful, below you’ll hear from nine other travel writers who have, at some stage, fallen victim to being sick while in this country.  Even with years of experience, it shows that anyone can succumb to the quirks of eating in a different country.  Knowing how to avoid getting sick in India is the first step in trying to stay healthy.

Read more >> Our street food tour in Delhi

Drink filtered water

Sarah from ASocialNomad

I was sick while I travelled in India, not from anything that happened in India, but a lingering stomach bug I caught in Nepal wouldn’t go away.  It taught me that you’re responsible for making sure that the water you drink is clean and safe.

I veer away from buying bottled water, because of the plastic waste it creates and the lack of recycling available and use a water filter system from a UK company called the Travel Tap.

Editors note:  At Beer and Croissants, we used Lifestraw bottles in India, which are similar and very easy to buy. We also buy replacement straws when necessary.

Since I got sick, even if the water I’m presented with has been boiled, I’ll put it in my bottle, and run it through the filter.   Our filters remove 99.9% of viruses, protozoa, anthrax and pathogens. The filter auto shuts down when full. This lets me drink tap water (and river water when I’m hiking).

My water filter bottle doesn’t keep the water cold, which is also important.  Cold water hitting your stomach when you’re not feeling well is the worst. Keep it at room temperature and you’ll feel much better!

travel tap bottle
Travel Tap bottle. Image Sarah Carter ©
stirling with lifestraw bottle
Stirling with his Lifestraw bottle attached

Foods to avoid in India – watch out for opened packets of food

Sally from  Our 3 kids vs the world

I’ve always been really careful with eating street food and ensuring the kids don’t get food poisoning when travelling. It’s a sure way to ruin your holiday and leaves you open to having to use medical facilities that may be far less than what you are used to in your hometown. Until this one time…..

On our visit to Siem Reap, we visited Banteay Srey, commonly known as the Ladies Temple. We had just finished looking around and stopped for a drink. The lady brought out a bowl of cashews and without thinking I ate a couple, so did my daughter! I’m not sure what possessed me, I wouldn’t normally do this at home when things had not been opened from a pack in front of me.

We went back to our hotel, taking over an hour in the tuk-tuk and then my husband suggested I go for a massage when we returned. I gladly skipped off to the day spa. Halfway through my massage, I started to feel sick.  It was the longest massage I’ve ever had and I slowly started to deteriorate.

By the end, I had to run out and back to the room and that was it. My daughter was also sick as well. For the next six hours, we stayed where we were.

Stay and eat with the locals

Natalia from My Trip Hack

Over the span of almost three years in India, I had two food poisonings and they were, alas, both from posh restaurants. So, avoiding street food is not the ultimate solution. In my opinion, you can eat everything if you know the right places.

I always recommend choosing homestays over hotels to get a deeper insight into the destination you visit. Local people always know the best samosa seller in the city and which foods are better to avoid during certain times.

Image Natalia Shipkova ©

If you don’t have a possibility to stay with the locals, use one of the Indian smartphone apps to discover the best food places, get reviews and rankings. The reality is that India is becoming fast a digital economy and even “hole in the wall” places are now on sites such as Zomato and Swiggy.

Remember, the best Indian meals are served in India with native spices and ingredients, so don’t miss this experience!

Don’t repeat the same mistakes if you’ve already been sick

Lola from Miss Filatelista

Over the six months I spent travelling in India I was luckily only struck with Delhi Belly twice, but when it hit, it felt deadly! It’s hard to avoid getting sick in India as your body adjusts to a new environment, new spices, and pollution. I got sick both times in Delhi, the second time due to a rookie mistake.

A friend was visiting me so I took them to the two restaurants I loved the most in Delhi, both of which are highly recommended by travellers. The first time I had gotten sick in Delhi I had eaten at both of these places but thought the illness had to be the result of an omelette I had for breakfast from a street vendor.

I blamed the street food and couldn’t imagine the restaurants could be the culprit of my illness. Unfortunately, they were as within hours both my friend and I were violently ill and en route to Agra. I was so sick the second time around I couldn’t even get out of bed to go see the Taj Mahal, something we’d dreamt of doing together.

Luckily we had splurged on a luxury hotel that had a very nice bathroom as that’s where I spent the next three days. The moral of this story? If you get sick in a city never go back to any place where you’d eaten that day and take any restaurant advice with a grain of salt as you never know when Delhi Belly may strike.

The local remedies are the best, activated charcoal pills, lots of water, rehydration packs, and plain rice. When you start to feel a little better indulge in garlic naan to improve your immune system.

General tips for keeping well in India

Claudia from My Adventures Across The World

Indian food isn’t exactly easy on the stomach, to begin with, especially for anybody who’s not used to spicy flavours and very rich food. Getting sick from food in India is more the rule than the exception, but there are ways to at least try to avoid it, and some actually succeed in it.

The most important thing to remember is that water is not safe to drink in India, so eating anything that may have been washed and then not cooked could be a cause for a Delhi Belly.  In other words, do not eat any raw vegetables, and do not eat any fruit unless it can be peeled.  It may be hard to survive without salads for weeks, but thankfully there’s plenty of cooked vegetable choices in India.

The “no tap water” rule also applies to drink that may have ice. Ask for a cold coke, without ice, to be on the safe side. Make sure that your bottled water is sealed.

indian drinking in the street

Hygienic conditions in India are hardly ideal, and it may be a good idea to avoid eating meat. Opt to be vegetarian or, even better, vegan. There aren’t many vegan choices on the menu; everything contains cheese, milk, yoghurt, cream, butter or ghee. Tarkha Dahl (the yellow dahl) is usually a good choice.

food served in buckets and how to avoid getting sick in india
This food in Varanasi is being served from buckets  

Rice is a good accompaniment to any Indian dish, yet it is among the foods that get most easily contaminated. It’s a safe measure to avoid rice at buffets, if not at all, and opt for bread instead. The good news is that there are many delicious kinds of bread in India.

Street food is a big no-no. Once again, the hygienic conditions aren’t ideal, and a look at the doughnuts stall will be enough to discourage from eating. Chances are that the oil in which they are fried hasn’t been changed in years.

Other good precautions include protecting your belly by taking strong probiotics pills. Start taking them a week before departure, and take them every day, on an empty stomach, for the duration of the trip. Carry some protein bars and saltines from home. They will come in handy when eating options are scarce.

Tips for minimising the ongoing impact of Delhi Belly

Jub from  Tiki Touring Kiwi

After living the nomadic life for four years I succumbed to Delhi Belly in Agra. I didn’t get back to 100% for two weeks or so but could have reduced that time if I wasn’t so nonchalant about the ordeal. Don’t do the following when you’re suffering from the dreaded Delhi Belly:

  • Go into denial. The first 12 hours or so I was ignoring the fact I was going to the toilet every hour, pretending it was just a slightly unusual bug or something. Wasting valuable time that could have been spent recovering.
  • Dehydrate yourself. Diarrhoea is dehydrating so as painful as it is, you need to keep drinking to stay hydrated. Juice may taste nicer, but pure (bottled) water is a much better option.
  • Catch overnight buses. Unfortunately, all the trains were booked out so we had to catch an overnight bus. With no toilet. Luckily I slept 98% of the ride, but there was a lot of worry leading up to the bus ride.
  • Sleep in a dorm room. I tried for a couple nights, but then realised it’s not fair to everyone else in the room for a whole host of reasons.
  • Feel the need to explore. I hate staying inside all day and really suffered on the first day in Rishikesh for it. A five-kilometre waterfall hike absolutely drained me for a couple days afterwards and no doubt delayed the recovery time. PS if you do go hiking, pack toilet paper
waterfall hike
Going hiking soon when trying to recover from Delhi Belly isn’t a good idea. Image Jub Bryant ©

Don’t eat raw fruits and vegetables in India

Mike from  197 Travel Stamps

Whenever we find ourselves surrounded by a completely different culture, we try to resort to what we know. That is the nature of humans. Being in India means being in a completely different environment for most of us.

For this reason, many people order “safe food” like a salad or may just eat an apple instead of eating local food. But, most of the time, the reason for the famous Delhi Belly is the use of contaminated water to wash fruits and vegetables. So you should avoid consuming any raw fruits or vegetables during your time in India.

The rule is to cook it, peel it or leave it. If your food is freshly cooked and hot, most bacteria will be dead and the food should be safe to eat. Fruits like bananas that can be peeled on the spot are fine too. But make sure the peel is still intact. Try to avoid apples or fruits that have been peeled already,  like pineapples from street vendors.

pomegranate and pineapple
Don’t eat unpeeled fruits as they may have been washed in water or had dirty utensils used on them

Stay away from uncooked food and unclean water

Nicole from Travelgal Nicole

One of the best experiences I had in India was cruising down the Ganges River.  We were on open boats and slept under the stars. We’d bank during the day and walk around as the crew cooked our meals.

ganges sunset
The sunset on the Ganges boat cruise. Image Nicole LaBarge ©

One of the first things I noticed about the cooking was that they were washing the dishes in the river.  There was also a lot of uncooked food being served. I decided then that I would stick to the cooked food such as the roti and curry and stay away from the meat as there was no refrigeration on the boat.

This worked well for me and I came out the other end just fine. Others were very sick for several days after the cruise and spent their time in their rooms close to the toilet! I actually made it through my three-week trip without a problem.

Allan from Live Less Ordinary

I have had Delhi Belly a bunch of times in Asia, where at times it was literally “coming out both ends”, and I can say it is one of the worst feelings in the world. But I was otherwise fortunate in India due to my precautions to avoid getting ill.

The incidence of street food contamination is no higher than restaurant foods, and it is best to go with meals cooked in front of you, rather than pre-cooked food and canteens.

Otherwise, water is the common culprit, and it’s best to avoid uncooked foods, ice cubes, and to keep clean bottled water around to drink, brush your teeth, and to rinse fresh fruits and vegetables. However, some destinations will be higher risk than others, like built-up cities, as you can apparently drink from the taps in the Himalayan foothills (although I wouldn’t risk it).

In general, just be smart, stay within your comfort zone, and stick to the better-documented restaurants and locally trusted vendors where possible.

food on the ground in India how to avoid getting sick in india
Buying food that is clearly on the ground is not a great idea either

Don’t use or eat ice in India

Heather from A Conversant Traveller

No matter how hot and sweaty you feel, never EVER have ice in your drink. Even in reputable restaurants, ice is often made from tap water rather than bottled water.  Despite all the other precautions you may be taking with your meal, just one tiny ice cube could have you becoming rather too intimately acquainted with the toilet for the foreseeable future.

We found this out the hard way on our honeymoon in Peru and spent a week hugging the toilets in hostels, boats and planes. Not the most romantic of trips, but certainly memorable! If you do nothing else, learn the local phrase for ‘without ice’, it could possibly save your holiday.

Always buy bottled drinks rather than those on tap, and double check the seal hasn’t been broken before you accept it.

cocktail without ice
A cocktail with no ice. It’s good advice not to eat the fruit either.

Take activated charcoal tablets

Megan from Megan Starr

A couple of years ago, I had the pleasure of heading to Delhi and a city nearby called Faridabad for a wedding.  It had taken me years to get to India because of my claustrophobia, but I was so excited to finally have the chance.

Within a couple of days of arrival, I became violently ill. I assumed it was from the food… but I always had a super strong stomach and everyone that ate the same food as me as well and had no issues (they had issues prior to my arrival).  After getting extremely sick, I took some of the activated charcoal tablets I had with me.  I took around ten capsules all up and never vomited again and felt like a new person by morning.

A few days later, the same thing happened but I swallowed another ten capsules before it got bad and it dissipated.  I eventually learned that I had reactions to pollution in the city, not food poisoning.  A year after this, I did end up with food poisoning in Germany and swallowed another ten capsules and my body quickly recovered while my partner was sick all day and refused to take any.

I can definitely attribute activated charcoal to helping rid my body of the toxins that crept in without my consent.  I highly recommend travellers going to India to take a bottle of this natural activated charcoal with them on their trip.

indian eating in the street

Essential medical packing list for India

Here are some of the things we did and took to prepare us for travelling to India.

  • Visited the doctor to check if we needed any additional vaccinations and to get some “just in case” medication in the event of falling ill.  These included antibiotics, diarrhoea stoppers and anti-nausea tablets.  It also allowed us to discuss whether we would need malaria medication. We didn’t because the areas we were travelling to weren’t threat areas.
  • Started taking probiotics and olive leaf extract tablets (to assist with immunity)  about ten days before the trip commenced and continued well after we returned. We eat a diet high in natural pre and probiotics but we still added more.

We packed the following in our medical kit.

  • Lifestraw bottle – we wouldn’t have been without this item.  It was the first thing we packed and we didn’t regret it.  It saves plastic and you simply can’t drink the water there;not if you want to stand half a chance. Replacement straws are also a good idea to have on hand.
  • Buscapan – to help ease stomach cramps.
  • Paracetamol and Ibuprofen.
  • Natural ginger tablets – there was a time on the train in the south of India where the train was really rocking so ginger tablets help with motion sickness.  They are also good for settling an uneasy stomach.
  • Hydralytes – to help replace electrolytes and assist with dehydration if necessary, particularly if you have had vomiting or diarrhoea.
  • Berocca – sometimes when you are feeling ordinary it just helps to have a lift.
  • Hand sanitiser – by the bucketload.  We used this constantly, even before the world was introduced to Covid-19!
  • Anti-bacterial wipes – we also had plenty of these on hand, using them to not only wipe our hands but cutlery, plates, bottle tops and glasses as well.
  • Tissues and toilet wipes –  we didn’t know where we might be if we were unwell and with toilet paper not common in India, they were valuable items to pack.
  • Sunscreen and insect repellent
  • Saline nose spray – pollution is everywhere in India so having this was useful during the day and whilst travelling on the trains and planes as well.  It also helps to keep some of the airborne bugs away that cause colds etc.
  • Small first aid kit

We also had comprehensive travel insurance to cover us for any issue that might arise. This is also a no-brainer for us anywhere we travel, but you wouldn’t want to be without it here, especially from a medical repatriation or medical assistance perspective.

What I wished we had taken to India

I know you can’t take everything, but I think it’s easier to take what you can to a country like India.  This way, you know the brands you are used to, don’t have to search for pharmacies, which can sometimes be hard to find, or wonder what you are actually buying.

  • Cold and flu tablets – I picked up a terrible sore throat and cold not long after I got off the Golden Chariot train trip.  Instead of being able to take a few cold and flu tablets to clear my head I let it go, allowing it to get worse.  Trying to discuss your needs with an Indian pharmacist isn’t always the easiest thing and you don’t know the quality of the tablets you ultimately receive. We were able to buy only a few single tablets in foil. Who knows what they really were?
  • Activated charcoal tablets – all the advice we had read prior to going was that these were mainly for treating gas.  I now know so many people who swear by them so I would now want to include these as well.

What to do if you do get sick

  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Rest as much as possible.
  • Take electrolytes to assist the associated dehydration.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Avoid fatty food and spicy foods.  India does have food that isn’t spicy.  Plain rice is good if you can find it, but again be aware of what it has been washed in.
  • Drink ginger tea and natural ginger tablets.
  • Take medication (antibiotics or other prescribed gastro medication if required).
  • See a doctor if it doesn’t improve.  This is very important.  Whilst most food issues will pass in 24-48 hours, some bacterial illnesses can cause severe and ongoing infections and cause ongoing gut health issues.

Staying well after the trip

We continued to take probiotics when we got home as our gut was still not back to normal.  I had been in India for three and a half weeks, Stirling for one week less, and it still took a week to feel better.  This was also despite eating as much fresh food and vegetables as we could to get some of those nutrients back into our system.

Imagine how we might have felt if we hadn’t taken any steps to stay as well as possible!

India Travel Resources

Lonely Planet Guide to India

India Travel Guide

India Travel Guide for first-timers

Other useful reading

Taking a Delhi street food tour
Mysore Palace 
Tipu Sultan’s Summer Palace
Gumbaz – Mausoleum of Tipu Sultan
Travel security products to keep you safe when travelling.


Book your flight: Flights are an important part of travel and we’re always looking for the best deals. If you can travel mid-week and be flexible, you’ll often find great deals on flights. We also use Skyscanner and Expedia for flight bookings. Dollar Flight Club is a great resource for getting special advance offers and even error fares directly to your inbox.

Book your accommodation: We all love to stay in different places, from the comfort of a self-contained apartment or house to a resort or luxury hotel. Sometimes we need something quick, easy and comfortable for an overnight stay. 

We use all of the following online booking portals depending on where we want to stay and the type of accommodation we are looking for.

  • VRBO and Stayz (in Australia) – great for holiday rentals of more than seven days and often have discounts for longer periods.
  • Booking.com and Expedia – two of our favourites due to their cancellation and refund policies.
  • Trip Advisor – perfect for getting reviews, checking availability and pricing comparisons all in one place.

Book your rental car or motorhome: We always use Discover Rental Cars anywhere in the world for car hire. Anywhere Campers is our preferred motorhome hiring company in Europe, especially if you want to be able to pickup and drop off at different locations (even countries) in Europe. If you’d like to buy your own motorhome in France, we use and recommend France Motorhome Sales. Use our code FMS1022 or tell John we sent you!

Book a tour:  We travel independently, but when we do book we book them with reputable companies who have a great cancellation and refund policy. If you are looking for advance tickets to an attraction, group or private tours, we use and recommend Get Your Guide and Viator. Both have a great range of tours and flexible cancellation policies. If you are looking to do a food tour in Europe, we also recommend Eating Europe Tours.

Be covered: We always travel with travel insurance. We did it before the pandemic and it’s even more important for us to do so now. We use Cover-More in Australia. SafetyWing has great rates for travellers who are away from home for extended periods. 

Be ready: Make sure you pack a few essentials: universal adaptorpower bank and noise-cancelling headphones

37 thoughts on “How to avoid getting sick in India – Experienced traveller advice”

  1. I’v been to India four times,i had an upset stomach on the first trip,after that i only ate food i knew that was was cooked thoroughly and that i was used to,i didn,t touch Indian food ,ever,people with me tried every thing and most ended up sick,i don,t eat Indian food back home so why take the risk.India is a great place to visit,unfortunatly it’s hygiene standards are very bad,so if you visit be careful with your eating habits and personel hygiene. just because your in the country doesn,t mean you have to eat the same as the local,s,stick to what your used to.

  2. Hi Sue, thanks for your comments. I totally agree with you about the water being a significant problem in India and also agree that it is the major cause of people getting sick. However, I disagree with your sentiments that it is water and only water that does this. Whilst in more salubrious surroundings and possibly the higher grade hotels, particularly where some training might have occurred and English might be spoken a little more, it is easier to have a conversation about water and where it has been used or the types of water. It is however not always possible or feasible to ask this. A local restaurant in the middle of a small town is not going to be able to answer a question about what water went into making a chutney, nor will they have access to make something for a visitor that uses filtered water. As is shown by the varied position of travellers in this article, not everyone stays in high level hotels. Many people backpack. Again, the ability to get sensible and accurate answers around the use of water are not going to be easy. “Most good restaurants” might exist in the big cities but outside of this, “most good restaurants” would not use filtered water, nor could you request it. Even if someone tells you that it’s filtered water, it’s always going to be a risk. Cheese and yoghurts MAY be used with boiling milk but it’s the lack of refrigeration that sends these types of products off. Bacteria grows on food anywhere, not just when it is associated with water. Touching things can and do make you sick. If a person goes to the bathroom, touches things in there, including their own body and then touches something you touch, or touches food you eat, you can get sick. Water doesn’t have to be anywhere near this transaction for illness to occur. This is an article that covers travel all over India. Many of us travel and have travelled outside of the Golden Triangle, where eating situations are different to being in a big hotel in a big city.

  3. This is a long list and confusing.

    Understand that the only reason you get sick is because of water – nothing else. Water in India has different bacteria that your body is not used to.. This means, drink only bottled water or drinks that are made with filtered water, Here are the tips that work.

    1. Before you order a drink at a restaurant, ask if the drink is made from bottled or properly filter water (most good restaurants these days use something called Aquaguard and it works) Yes, you can enjoy lassis and all other drinks if made with filtered water. So if you hear something like “yes, we use Aqua” you can trust the restaurant.
    2. Make sure the chutneys also use Aquaguard or filtered water. If not avoid chutneys
    3. You can eat Indian fruits. They are delicious. Just make sure you wash the fruit with filtered water.
    5. You can eat salads at a good restaurants. I never fell sick eating salads. Again, make sure the restaurant uses filtered water.
    6. Do not eat street food. This is because most street food is not made with filtered water
    7. There is nothing wrong with milk, cheese or yogurt in India. They always boil the milk before they made yogurt. If someone fell sick, thats because of added water.
    8. Avoid ice, unless you are in a good 5 star restaurant. If you want to use ice, ask how the ice is made (if they use their Aqua water or regular water)

    Again the key to not falling sick is understanding the source of the problem – water. Don’t touch this and don’t touch that is not the solution. You don’t fall sick because you touch something. I had stomach issues only when I ate coconut chutney from a small restaurant on the street. Now I ask if the chutney is made with filtered water.

    You can also ask restaurants to make lassi with bottled water (i.e you buy an extra bottle bottle of water to make lassi). They will give you the lassi and the remaining water in the bottle. Again, be creative,

  4. Thanks for that Bob and all very useful information. Of course, when we travel, wherever we go, we are always at the mercy of so many factors. What people do behind closed doors so to speak, in kitchens, food prep areas, even housekeeping, is hard to control and yes I agree these are definitely areas that can assist with food poisoning. What we’ve written about here is just trying to make people more aware of the things that they can control, or control a little, in an effort to stay healthy. Like I said though, and I’ve had this happen to me, some of the sickest I have been when travelling has been in five star resorts.

  5. Unfortunately the idea of responsibility by operators does not exist. Since many hotels (international brands) are just franchised the local partners use foodservice platforms that are made locally and most of the times are not certified with sanitation health codes.

    In fact many Indian owned hotels as Taj, Lalit, Imperial that are bigger as chain than the franchises have far higher standards and use better health code products.

    However when Americans and Europeans visit they stay at a known US brand which is really a franchise. In my working career I provide foodservice equipment from the US. And its majorly Indian chains that buy it. The American brands go all cheap and people like Hyatt, Marriott, Hilton, Radisson they just go all cheap . None of their foodservice equipment used for preparations carry NSF certification.

    These are the causes of food poisoning. People dont realize its not just cleaning hands, its more scientific. The foodservice prep standards must be met and the brands should not allow the franchise to screw itnip that they do.

  6. I traveled to India 12 times in 6 years for business and loved it, and only got “Delhi Belly” once. It was from a piece of delicious watermelon in my fancy Jaipur hotel ( I was so thirsty, but of course did not even realize that watermelon is 90% water.) I was sick for 5 days before I saw a Doctor. who gave me Indian antibiotic capsules and electolyte powder to drink in bottled-only water. I got better but had lost 7 pounds in 5 days, (Good thing) I looked and felt great on the last leg of my trip (Far East), but had a recurrence back home 2 weeks later for which I took more antibiotics. My stomach has never been the same!

  7. Hi, This is a really good article. In India, you should be careful drinking ‘chai’ or tea on an empty stomach… it would give you high dose of acid reflux. Roadside ‘Chaats’ (bhelpuri, panipuri etc.) should be avoided at all cost. My friend and his fiance from Canada got sick and barely ate anything for their entire trip after their ‘chaat’ experience.

    Indian sweets are sweeter on the extreme side and for westerners and east Asians, the strong sweet with ‘ghee’ flavour might not be palatable.

    Also, the place you go in India is important. Southern places like Kerala are more cleaner and hygienic than Northern places like Agra or Delhi. Also, the food is better in the South with subtle flavors of spices and other ingredients as compared to rich and oily flavors in the North.

  8. Oh dear, I’m suddenly transported back to India for this one! And yes, my mind doesn’t have to be too vivid to visualise the use for the ziplock bags. Hope you both get well soon, it’s not nice is it?

  9. Reading this because we’re both woken up with the usual symptoms. 4th time this trip! One per month. This time, we ate in an amritsari dhaba that had people inside but wasn’t so packed. Just had a Thali , but are suffering the consequences. The last time we visited India, my wife was ill in Indore on a stop over on the way up to Delhi. She had chronic poops but we still decided to take the non ac sleeper bus. I always carry zip lock bags and use them as packing cubes, but needless to say, we now have a funny story about crapping in a ziplock bag on a sleeper bus. Was not funny at the time… Great advice from all and thank you for this one.

  10. Hi Sandra, thanks for your message! I understand what you say about the plastic bottles, unfortunately in India too there is so little infrastructure to deal with rubbish that this makes it worse as well. We loved the Life STraw bottles and I know you can buy other brands as well. This was the one we liked the most. Happy for you to send anyone you know to buy the life straws through my site via Amazon. Cheers, Kerri

  11. Hi there.! I really liked your blog on how not to get sick in India. I live in India 6 months a year, travelling to different destinations each time. I have only had the issue once and I knew afterwards how I contacted it. It was an unclean small food stall. We base ourselves in Kerala and live in a house with a well. We draw the water from the well for drinking and have no problems with that but when travelling the plastic water bottles you need to buy are a real problem to the environment. The water straw bottle you are suggesting looks like a great option. We are back in December this year and I am very tempted to purchase a couple of them. If you need anyone in the field to promote them for you I would be happy to do that. Thank you for your article and happy travels.

  12. Incredibly helpful tips Kerri!I was leveled by giardia in India. Once it happens a single time, when you become that horribly ill, you become freaking hyper aware of all tips on this list LOL. Always eat local. Many tourist haunts know they ain’t seeing visitors more than once and often get lax on health standards, with a transient, hurried customer base. Local eateries? They cannot get away with that crap. Literally hahahaha….thanks for sharing!


  13. Great advice! As a person having stayed in india for more than 6 months I can say that if you are careful, you won’t get sick! I never had any problems there but I was always paying attention to hygiene and food. My husband even ate train food, street food and raw salads and he was just fine – I’m starting to think that he has some Indian blood :) But I am pretty sure that if travelers would follow the rules mentioned here, they will be just fine. It takes time to get used to being so careful with everything, but it’s not impossible! Safe and healthy travels!

  14. Jennifer Campbell

    Great article! I am definitely apprehensive about visiting India because of the food. Unfortunately, I already deal with IBS, so this subject is something I think about a lot! Thanks for sharing your experience and your tips. It’s not something we all like to talk about, but it’s definitely something everyone has to deal with at one point or another!

  15. Wow, wow, wow! I haven’t traveled to India though I hope to get there maybe next year. I’m so glad that I got to read this and see all of the things to avoid and to prepare for. Yuck! That would be horrific!

  16. What a great article about a really painful subject! Being sick abroad is the worst – being that kind of sick abroad is a special kind of hell, though. Really comprehensive tips for being informed and smart about trips to places where the hygiene isn’t super compatible with your body. Thanks for this!

  17. These are all such great tips!! When I used to run tours in SE Asia, I would always encourage my clients to eat street food if they wanted a true experience – number one rule being that you ONLY eat in the places packed by locals! Still though, I’ve had my fair share of tummy troubles throughout my travels, and I wished I’d learned most of these tips beforehand instead of from first hand experience!

  18. Punita Malhotra

    Great tips from everyone here. it is a good idea to be extra cautious and follow the rules ‘of the game’. This is one aspect of India, we all need to be well prepared for while travelling through the country, especially smaller cities. Locals do it better :)

  19. Guini @ NomadicDays

    There is another (controversial) tip that worked out fine with me: Start training your stomach before the trip. Before travelling to Peru, I gradually stopped washing fruit and vegetables and washing my hands. In Peru, we were a group of 20 international volunteers. 19 of them got stomach problems at some point and I was the only person who stayed healthy. Even though my stomach used to be very sensible before then.

  20. Damien McGuigan

    Everyone that I know who has been to India, has always gotten ill. I was told to use bottled water for everything, including brushing teeth but to check the seal first.

  21. Loved this post! Been to India twice, ate off the street and never got sick once. Been to Thailand four times and three time I got sick. I agree with everything said here everyone going to India should read this!

  22. My boyfriend is Indian and I swear is the worst at getting ‘dehli belly’ … I really like your filtering waterbottle – I think I need one of those for future visits! Thanks for sharing such a useful post, there was sooooo many useful tips in there and I hope I don’t get it again!

  23. Some great tips here! I travelled in India for 5 weeks last year and managed to escape without any sign of Delhi Belly. I eat a meat-free diet which probably helped, and I brushed my teeth with tap water (someone told me this helps build up tolerance?)

  24. Hello Guys, I am from India and I can surely assure you that you can really get sick if not taken care properly and especially in rainy season.

    I recommend not to eat anything from street unless you observe any hygienic practice followed by staff like wearing gloves etc.

  25. hey hey I just got back from India and totally know the amazing and neverending feeling of a Delhi Belly haha! Loved the article, very informative and love the pictures as well! I would always go back to India no matter what but I would definitely be more prepared!

  26. Hector Echeverria

    This is a great article. So much helpful information on how to avoid getting sick. I have been lucky enough to avoid getting sick, but it seems only to be a matter of time before I get hit with Delhi Belly.

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